Researchers Eric P. Bettinger and Rachel Baker, analyzed a program in which a professional academic coach calls at-risk students to talk about time management and study skills. The coached students were more likely to stay in college and graduate. The program was more expensive than texting - $500 per student, per semester- but the effects persisted for years after the coaching ended.
Researchers Benjamin L. Castleman, and Lindsay C. Page, set up a system of automatic, personalized text messages to keep students from dropping out of college. Among freshmen who received the texts, 68% went on to complete their sophomore year, compared with 54% of those who got no nudges – a 26% increase.
Researcher David S. Yeager at University of Texas at Austin demonstrated that a one time, 25-45 minute, online intervention done with incoming freshman focused on “U.T. Mindset” (messages and reflection on belonging and mindset) increased the number of semester credits taken by students in their first semester (an early indicator of success in college).