Confidence and Competence

Why do so many incompetent men become leaders? That is the crucial question tackled by HBR.

The answer in a nutshell: an "inability to discern between confidence and competence."

But what of the followers?

"Freud argued that the psychological process of leadership occurs because a group of people — the followers — have replaced their own narcissistic tendencies with those of the leader, such that their love for the leader is a disguised form of self-love, or a substitute for their inability to love themselves."

And unfortunately,

"Most of the character traits that are truly advantageous for effective leadership are predominantly found in those who fail to impress others about their talent for management."