Floundering can be good for you. Anne Murphy Paul in her article for Time summarizes: "Call it the 'learning paradox': the more you struggle and even fail while you’re trying to master new information, the better you’re likely to recall and apply that information later."

The work of researcher Manu Kapur is behind this insight. But he warns teachers they want to challenge their students, not frustrate them when encouraging students to spend time trying to figure out a problem on their own first.